The Tree of Life (English) 

“Where were you when I laid the earth’s foundation?
 Tell me, if you understand/ while the morning stars sang together
    and all the angels[a] shouted for joy?
Job 38:4~7

Introduction.

2011 film The film begins with a quote from the Book of Job, which refers to God-given suffering. The protagonist, Jack, has grown up and had a successful life, but on the anniversary of his brother’s death in the war, he looks back to his own childhood, 1950. A strict father, a kind mother, whether to live a worldly life or leave it to God’s grace.

1

“When did you first touch my heart? “

I find myself saying the word world. When were we conscious of our ego and when were we conscious of God? The language of the book of the Bible attempts to take root in the nobility on a daily basis. For example, even Christians can choose their words biblically, conscious of the words of love, of the joy of birth and of the day on which they touched the world, or they can speak in modern terms, even without realizing it. Nevertheless, What has become the foundation of our sensitivity becomes Christian although we are not consciously aware of it. It is easy to match the words and values of the Bible over a long period of time, as they are latent in our daily lives. If you study the history of philosophy, including Western literature, you will know that Augustine put his object together in a philosophical way to God.( In Japan, the pursuit of bliss and spiritual freedom, which are also guaranteed in Japan, was at the origin of Christian values) We also have Christian values in our hands in this manner, without being aware of them. But we rarely get a chance to make contact with God’s Word. The film dynamically shows the world and the open air against the background of the evolution of times of a distant American family. Nature is celebrated, as in the Old Testament, but the tiny family world is irreplaceable.

In 1950, during the childhood years of the protagonist Jack O’Brien, the family reflected the conservative thinking of the Cold War period. But they were not dictated to by anyone.

but, as we grow up, Jack’s America is a place of skyscrapers, modern architectural homes, to which we feel a feeling of familiarity. This is because it closely resembles the cities we are witnessing. The family image was also, as the film begins, originally chosen by two persons who loved one another and created a family. And yet, if you show a strict father, a kind mother in neat clothes and a neighborhood woman of color, they settle into the structuralism of the ‘1950s’ era. The times are created by man, and if his work is freedom or stagnation, Considering this question, Or in philosophy, is it ‘structuralism’, the idea that what we think is unconsciously selected by our social systems? it is not surprising why the opening quotation was from the Old Testament book by Job. (Jack O’Brien for short: JOB)

Christianity is also often misunderstood, especially today, but the organization of Christianity does not directly determine one’s life. (Principle) Being a serious man, God gave Job all sorts of hardships. The story is about God answering Job’s questions. The meaning of this quotation from Job, about what controls the mind and makes it free, is to make us aware of the outer limits of those human creations. The exuberant natural beauty always present in the Old Testament stands for the very Father of Jesus in the New Testament: Jesus is also studying the Old Testament. When the mother in the film pointing to the sky and saying “That’s where God live”, it is the beginning of making the child aware of God, but is it the beginning of allegiance or a compass? To whom have we pledged our allegiance?  What about our compass? 

Some days the abode of God in the sky, where his mother taught him, is beautiful, and some days it is out of sight. God can give and God can take, and the remembrance that is with Job is no longer the time he had with his brother who was alive. It is a remembrance after the death of his brother. Why was the father so strict with his eldest son, the protagonist, it begins with the story of his father’s desire to become a musician. As a devout Christian, he never became a musician, preferring to work in a factory. His father was not proud of him and was rather stern with his eldest son, Jack, not wanting him to resemble him: Jack did what his dad said and was mature. While his father is away on business trip, he finds a brief rest with his sweet mother and a sense of freedom, But the neglect of his father’s absence brings Jack to turn slowly to delinquency. When his father returned from a business trip, Jack was rebellious.

Over time, the children grew up, only to receive news of their brother’s death in the war.

Research into the Vietnam War draft suggests that until 1975, conscription was by lottery. The eldest son, in contrast to his younger brother who passed away as a result of the lottery, became a winning adult, following in his father’s footsteps. With the details of how it happened, the film comes to the sea imagined by a spirit world that seems to be self-healing.

Is the father, who gives and takes away, like the God of the Old Testament? and the kind mother like the Virgin Mary? and yet where is Jesus, the savior Jesus is absent in this film.

Christianity is also often misunderstood, especially today, but the organization of Christianity does not directly determine one’s life. (Principle) Being a serious man, God gave Job all sorts of hardships. The story is about God answering Job’s questions. The meaning of this quotation from Job, about what controls the mind and makes it free, is to make us aware of the outer limits of those human creations. The exuberant natural beauty always present in the Old Testament stands for the very Father of Jesus in the New Testament: Jesus is also studying the Old Testament. When the mother in the film pointing to the sky and saying “That’s where God live”, it is the beginning of making the child aware of God, but is it the beginning of allegiance or a compass? To whom have we pledged our allegiance?  What about our compass? 

Some days the abode of God in the sky, where his mother taught him, is beautiful, and some days it is out of sight. God can give and God can take, and the remembrance that is with Job is no longer the time he had with his brother who was alive. It is a remembrance after the death of his brother. Why was the father so strict with his eldest son, the protagonist, it begins with the story of his father’s desire to become a musician. As a devout Christian, he never became a musician, preferring to work in a factory. His father was not proud of him and was rather stern with his eldest son, Jack, not wanting him to resemble him: Jack did what his dad said and was mature. While his father is away on business trip, he finds a brief rest with his sweet mother and a sense of freedom, But the neglect of his father’s absence brings Jack to turn slowly to delinquency. When his father returned from a business trip, Jack was rebellious.

Over time, the children grew up, only to receive news of their brother’s death in the war.

Research into the Vietnam War draft suggests that until 1975, conscription was by lottery. The eldest son, in contrast to his younger brother who passed away as a result of the lottery, became a winning adult, following in his father’s footsteps. With the details of how it happened, the film comes to the sea imagined by a spirit world that seems to be self-healing.

Is the father, who gives and takes away, like the God of the Old Testament? and the kind mother like the Virgin Mary? and yet where is Jesus, the savior Jesus is absent in this film.

My interpretation as a Christian is that the film portrayed Jesus’ absence. A celebrated absence from Jesus is the three days before his resurrection after the crucifixion, but there is also a story in the Gospel of Mark, for example, of a master who goes on a journey. The film repeatedly turned our attention from the inside to the outside, and the trick was to turn our awareness towards the ‘absence’. Early in the story, Peter Rabbit’s father goes to Mr McGregor’s house, where he is later killed. Next is the father’s absence on a business trip.

Next is the father’s business trip. The final would be his brother’s conscription. The absence by crucifixion is extraordinary, but the absence of Mark’s Gospel fits into everyday life. In Mark 13:32-37, Jesus says that a person who leaves his house to go on a journey should assign the servants He assigned them tasks, gave them responsibilities and told the ‘gatekeepers’ to stay awake. To be able to open the door when the messiah returns.

The film is based on the director’s own experience, his brother committed suicide (research 2022) I did not know this at the time of the film’s release in 2011, but when I looked it up recently, I heard the real story was his brother’s suicide, which seemed to make sense. The absence of Jesus (the Messiah) is a sign of this, and for the person concerned, it is an illusion that their faith has disappeared, but they have realized that this is not the case and that the sentiment is always Jesus who has gone on a journey. Nobody thinks that hope is on a trip when they are disappointed: Usually we see it as a loss of hope.

Having changed suicide to war death, the hatred of the father appears to be a transitory adolescent thing. By making these changes it seems like forgiveness to the director’s father.

There is one scene where the father admits and confesses that his educational policy was wrong, but the son, who grew up, forgives his father not to be wrong. Where did his brother’s soul go, did it go to heaven, “Why didn’t you (the Messiah) come?”, these are questions that cannot be answered easily. In the sense of creating something that cannot be settled, it celebrates the nature of the Old Testament, which is the Messiah travelling to the end of the world beyond our visibility. The reason why the Messiah’s presence was not clearly expressed is probably because the Messiah’s return is not certain.

Probably the reason he did not clearly express the presence of the Messiah is because we are not sure if he will return. Even if the noun faith becomes a verb, it cannot reveal its existence as a ‘noun’ to those who do not believe. Unless you find its existence in the other person’s mind, the messiah is in someone else’s thought. However, we are supposed to practice love as we should. That is kindness and forgiveness.

If you had to choose how to live, which one would you choose? Which life would you choose, to call the nature you witness worldly or to call it a blessing of God? Which would fulfil the heart of the real world you witness? Or which affliction would you accept? Suffering will always come no matter which you choose. When did the question definitively come to me?

At a Bible study group meeting, I was asked why I was baptized. One man replied that it was because of the miracles of Jesus. I had nothing to say. I can remember, in the middle of one of my seminars, I saw myself opening the revolving door and walking out. Looking up, all I see are skyscrapers and I lose my sense of direction. There was a scene in the movie where my dad lost his job: My father was also laid off from his company. This major restructuring of a large company was treated in a good way, as a rebirth of the company. My mother ran away from home and I had to rush to work, abandoning my dreams at the time. What did I need to know to be able to accept them, how many times the share price had increased with the sacking of my fathers?  If it was by God that I was deprived, I thought I could have it again. If it wasn’t God, I would just be deprived. But what I knew was that now God was absent. For me, too, the Messiah was absent. After a long time, however, this event has ceased to be of any importance. The major foreign companies that tormented employees of the father’s generation back then pulled out of Japan last year. My mother has also come home. Yet, for me, Jesus is always absent. Tree of Life was not a highly regarded film, even for Catholic priests. And that’s just as well, because they can’t say anything other than ‘be present’ to them. For example, “Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you.” (Matthew 7:7), the world may also need a presence that gives hope.

I have a lovely cat in my house. He understands whether a kind word or a harsh word is spoken. My mother did not believe in God. I held this child in my arms and taught him about God’s house. I never heard my mother talk about God, but I still loved her voice. I wonder if what a mother being tells her child is about God or the beautiful sky. Even in the moments of time that pass by, I have found that I too receive love and then give it again. It was not an elaborate declaration of faith that was important. It was the words I love you.――It came from the Kingdom of Heaven.

Summary.

Tree of Life, a film released in 2011.

Despite being described as a Christian film, I had never seen this film rated by the Ministry.

By quoting the Book of Job, we are deprived of many things: the death of a classmate, the loss of his father’s job, the death of his brother, but there was no scene worthy of praise from God at the end of the Book of Job. It was thought to be a self-sacrificing, paisicidal film, with love as pain, a Christian peculiarity, but when I watched it again for some reason, I recognize there was no figure similar to Jesus, followed by a father, a mother like Mary, who is a symbol of God. The master of Mark’s Gospel goes on a journey, however, to the place where the master of the Gospel is not. The master of Mark’s Gospel goes on a journey, But while waiting for a person to be the ‘keeper’, so ‘the absence of Jesus’ was noticed.

In the real story, his brother committed suicide. ‘The absence of Jesus’ has been with me for a long time. But recently, hope has been travelling about absence, about whether to live in the secular or in God’s grace.

If nature or God’s grace, then the visual beauty of that nature may be the journey of Jesus, or so it seemed to me. In the real story, his brother committed suicide. ‘The absence of Jesus’ has been with me for a long time. But recently, hope has been travelling about the absence. Whether to live in the world(Nature) or in God’s grace.

If nature – God’s grace, then the visual beauty of that nature may be the journey of Jesus, or so it seemed to me. So, “stay awake.”

Literature and Mob Justice(SoarⅡ)

For the wages of sin is death, Rome6:23

Introduction

Some people say the Bible is a piece of literature, but I believe the words of the unknown man who said, “The Bible is not literature. When I was a young aspiring writer, I started by accepting that I didn’t exist, like an “unnamed worm”. Fiction is also a way to leave behind what you want to say, but you can’t leave it behind if you write it the way it is. This is why it was necessary to think calmly and reject ideas by revising. Embracing that cruelty, with the Bible at the top, my ego is humbled. Because everything is written in the legacy of the past, with the Bible above:There is no virgin in the imagination, and that was the beginning of my life as a writer. It was about “writing a cruelty story”, especially about “Mob Justice”. The quotation from Romans, “The wages of sin is death”, continued to move across the manuscript as it has been rewritten many times:Sometimes it was the introduction, sometimes characters who never came into the world spoke about this quotation. Actually, the words of the Bible continue. “but the gift of God is eternal life in[a] Christ Jesus our Lord.“and it will be explained that Jesus offers forgiveness to those who cannot break the flow of sin, and that the dead cannot sin.

And Then There Were None and Bergson’s philosophy

I also preferred Agatha Christie’s “And Then There Were None” during my recuperation from 2018 onwards. There are no detectives in this story. From the perspective of the third person, each corpse appears to speak, and the truth is summed up in the letter of Aposiopesis. There are ten people gathered here who have committed crimes that cannot be judged by the law. One of the murdered victims, Emily Brent, was a fanatic who had driven her pregnant servant to suicide. Ten individuals gathered here have committed crimes that cannot be tried by law. One of the victims, Emily Brent, was a fanatic who forced her pregnant maid into suicide.

Maybe she thought she would be killed afterwards, but she tried to stabilize her mind with Psalm 91, which promises God’s salvation;” You will not fear the terror of night, nor the arrow that flies by day, nor the pestilence that stalks in the darkness, nor the plague that destroys at midday. But his prayers failed and he was bitten dead by a bee.

The tragedy of this isolated island is orchestrated by a plot to kill Justice Wargrave. In the relentless passage of time, it is Bergsonian that the time of consciousness and the time of the world do not always coincide, but Emily’s decisions in the inner world of faith distort the outer world. He focused on the sins of the unpunished. Pure and inner awareness does not necessarily mean pure and enduring Christian love, light and goodness: Philosophical purity refers to universality and does not limit itself to ethics.

Killing by sanction is the unwritten law of that which emerges when philosophy and theology are trapped and concealed by ethics. Our sins are condemned by our faith and remitted by God. However, that is not always the case in the society in which we were born. The judge looked at this and came up with this plan. The best part of the story, the apparent killing puppet, was based on a poem from Mother Goose.This poem is also old and was originally written by the poet Mother Goose, and is translated as “Indian doll” or “soldier doll”. This poem is also originally symbolized black people, but was later changed to Indians.

Imitate murder is performed with dolls symbolizing the occupation and persecution. Matter is memory, the dualism of mind and matter is present this murder story. The time on the island is not owned by anyone, the protagonists themselves do not exist, and they are manipulated by a fictional being, U. N. Owen who have invited ten people. Formlessness controls the destiny of this island. Matter, space and memory, the relationship between them, passes unnoticed as a philosophy by most people. Nevertheless, like dolls, they are aware as soon as the material becomes suggestive, and they are in danger of being themselves. They find significance in the poems and dolls of Mother Goose, and live in the plans of the true criminals. Elusive sounds live fluidly as aural sensations, a gramophone playing a mysterious voice that exposes the wrongs of each person. We find ourselves even frightened of the interplay of matter and spirit, a philosophy that makes us dull and sleepy.

Judge Wargrave must have been pleased with the sight. Like table manners, as if it were a rule that passes for manners, he enjoys playing the killing dinnder.【killing game】 With the sound of a gunshot, the killer Wargrave, made it look like he was dead. Rising from it, his Ghost Play accelerates further. Wargrave’s self-absorption is evident in the way he likens himself to the biblical Cain and Abel.

Cain committed the first murder in the Bible and lied about it, but God would not let Cain take his revenge. Therefore, the Judge is a clown with an aesthetic illusion of justice. Because God’s wish is that there should be no Mob Justice. However, Mob Justice and aesthetics are two sides of the same coin. The Thaumatropes, whose cage and bird are painted apart, looks like a bird in a cage.If you turn the picture, you can see the bird in the cage, as if they co-exist and are involved with one another. Literature was attracted to that. Other arts, including painting and music, do not deal with ” Mob Justice” Painting is confined to religious or “Public punishment” when it comes to judgement.

Words have various roles, from God’s word to poetry, proverbs, fiction and journalism. Painting and music are not taken seriously by everyone, while language is mastered by everyone, and everyone takes it seriously, sometimes speaking of love, sometimes speaking of lies. Words means simply disappear and disappear over time. For example, the phrase “I love you” also fades away, because words require perception, memory and experience. Love cannot live by words alone. Love is accompanied by feelings and actions. In addition, the word “love” is often associated with many human beings. Even before an incomprehensible love, we can recognize the direction. When love works, it knows that it is love by its deeds.:On the other hand, private killings and retributions do not allow us to easily understand feelings of cause and effect.  The Indian poem of Mother Goose is a cruel poem, and the last Indian hangs himself. These ten people are enough to understand the meaning of the Indian poem. Their lives are threatened so that the pure continuity of consciousness and time ceases to be a theory, and they end up in the past ≒ memory without redemption.

Souls by Mob Justice

Like the ten invited guests, we do not see memory, time and space as separate objects.

According to Plato’s three ideas, (1) is the true, (2) beauty, (3) interest towards the good. Sternberg refers to this aesthetic interest in beauty. In the Bible we find such a composition in the Old Testament story of Hagar. Abraham’s wife Sarah could not have children, so she gave birth to a slave, Hagar. She gave the child the name Ishmael. Hagar’s situation is similar to that of Emily Brent, but in the end, Hagar is saved by God.

In the biblical world, “Thou shalt not kill” (Exodus 20.13) is based on faith, on the absolute God. In the biblical world, “Thou shalt not kill” (Exodus 20.13) is based on faith, on the absolute God. But does literature write about evil, breaking its promises with mischief? “Literature and Evil”, Georges Bataille made us believe that the best of literature is to search for evil in the veins of the world. Writers sometimes sort philosophically if it is necessary to write only imagination or experience.Then imagination is no longer enough, and they seek to make everyday life more than a dramatic statement. So this story is quiet. In And Then There Were None, the characters, with the exception of the murderer, can only see the surface of humanity. There is no investigator in the movie, and evil is not the key to unlocking good. If there is any confirmation of God’s existence, it is when the “fishing boat” accidentally picks up the confession that the judge put in a bottle and was never meant to be picked up. Christianity has a profound connection with fishermen. Peter was a fisherman, and Jesus told him that he would be a fisherman who would catch men. Within the framework of a mystery novel, however, this point of view would be like wash for gold. (Gold dust) But wouldn’t the real world be insipid without such a ‘point of view’ and ‘consciousness’? The paintings are useless when they burn, as the paintings of Carel Fabritius are displayed as survivors of an explosion. How does literature affect people? Literature is of the nature that what words and concepts represent and people’s feelings do not have a fixed Buddhist substance. Therefore “And Then There Were None” shows the cruelty of the writing world.

 Painting can be explained in words, but it must exist as a picture. Literature can be placed beside the Bible, but it fails to achieve a visible space and form. In the past, when I painted, they congratulated me on my ability to draw and my sense of color. I was looking for myself in painting, with ideas and concepts. This is probably when my philosophical reflections became more impulsive. What cannot be put into words seeks no form, and then tries to rely on something to paint. It was a passion that emerged in my youth, but I wanted something more mature. I couldn’t stand the self-image that bounced back from my consciousness and my technique. It was a passion I had when I was young, but I wanted something more mature.

I couldn’t stand the picture of myself bouncing off my consciousness and technique.: Like Van Gogh with his sunflowers and his obsession with color, I could not do it, I only saw thoughts of love and existence.

In the 21st century, philosophy and psychology are moving away from the soul. That is because it requires an ethical, moral, or religious viewpoint to describe them. But literature is still allowed to write the soul. Nietzsche described vengeful feelings as Ressentiment. By morality, the weak demonize the strong. This inversion of values is weakened in Agatha Christie’s “And Then There Were None”. Murderers took pleasure in the guise of revenge by proxy. They were not killed with such vengeance or moral slavery.  It all comes down to poems and puppets by ten Indians, killed and gone. The artist’s need for approval is said to be greater in the story, which explains this killer. His hidden desires and the realization of his pleasures took place on an isolated island.  If he had wanted social honor, he would not have committed such a crime. He threw away his confession in a bottle, not knowing whether it would be picked up or not, which is another way of checking the soul. It is a “Mob Justice”. There is an impulse that can only be asserted in this way. In literature, “Mob Justice” is not an actual sanction. He throws his confession into a bottle, not knowing if we’ll pick it up or not. The only way to be sure of one’s soul is to leave it to chance at last. This is the end of the “Mob Justice”

 I did not select to paint flowers, my quest was collected as a bird’s nest and tried to form and It was a beautiful feeling, both as phenomenology and as poetical feeling. The plants and trees collected by the habits and coincidences of the birds are also the Word of God, but some herbs do not bear the image of God. It is the root rot, the weak grass, the dying grass,

 I would write such an “evil” in the next piece.

Literature and Mob Justice Overview

It took me six years to work on this theme. Writing about cruelty, like journalism, is not about separating oneself from others. Sometimes you have to reveal your own malice.

I dealt with Agatha Christie’s “And Then There Were None” and Bergson’s philosophy. An unfamiliar subject, matter and spirit, is criticized as abstract when read as philosophy, but in the face of a murderous game everyone understands its meaning.

Understood the meaning. Indian dolls represent their lives and die according to an unintelligible Mother Goose poem.

Philosophical consciousness is not a need to be confined to morality or ethics. It means that there is no necessity for religious goodness, and I have summarized these ideas in this introduction. I have tried to make my unpublished novel the main topic of this

Article. Mob Justice is the desire for recognition of the oppressed and erased soul. I do not consider myself a victim of being driven in this way. I will be back.

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Oscar Wilde, The Happy Prince (English)

"Bring me the two most precious things in the city,"
The Happy Prince- Oscar Wilde

Prometheus took the fire from the heavens and gave it to humanity. For that, Zeus punished him. Both he and Jesus loved the human. In Greek mythology and in Jesus, the divine beings who gave their love to mankind were punished. The Happy Prince would be Wilde’s most Christian work, with the hope of converting him to Catholicism. Retarded on his way to Egypt, the swallow attempted to rest at the feet of the prince’s statue. Then the statue of the prince wept――.

The reason the swallow was 6 weeks after the others was because he was in love.

He asked her Shall I love you? She nodded yes. “Will you come away with me?” he said finally to her; but the Reed shook her head, she was so attached to her home. She was making out with the wind. The swallows said goodbye and went away.

Before his birth, the prince was beautiful like an angel. He was called the ” Happy Prince ” and became a statue. The prince, who did not know the outside of its walls, passed away happy.

When the prince found himself outside the walls, he despaired of the poverty and lowliness of the world. The prince asked the swallows to take to the poor the jewels and gold which decorated him.

At last, the prince had nothing left to give. The swallows were exhausted. The swallow finally kissed the prince and they both died. The prince’s body was melted, but for some reason his heart was not melted, so that he was discarded with the corpses of the swallows. God said, “Bring me the two most precious things in the city,” An angel picked the two souls and led them to the kingdom of heaven. In the picture books I read in my childhood, the love of swallows in the first half of the story and the Christianity of the last half were omitted.

The scene of poor people on a winter day reminds us of Andersen “the little match girl”, but the happy prince has a match-selling girl. The last person the swallows give the gold foil to is the matchgirl. Swallows are monogamous and raise their youngsters in couples. Swallows transport their food over 100 times, so this story makes ecological sense.

It is believed that the prince, who had never known outside the walls, died and never became an adult because he remained a prince, a title he held. Oscar Wilde also refers to children’s sacredness in his other book, The Selfish Giant. The giant had a lovely garden among its walls. With the giant gone, the children came to play. When the giants found them, they sent the children away. Then Spring stopped coming to the garden. The giants let the children in. This suggests a profound belief that children will go into the kingdom of heaven, as we have read in Matthew 18:3-5.

If you imagine a swallow flying around for the poor, the image recalls a street and a space. Time is a space, the analogy of Bergson appeared to indicate. Time is not linear, nor is it ephemeral. The flight of the swallows is repetitive, linear, planar. The swallows and the prince lived in an interior time different from the “exterior” time of the adults who had the prince who had lost his ornaments. Their kind-hearted deeds are different from the regular time. It is durée pure; They lived in the ambivalence of transmutation and preservation. How difficult and costly it is to love a human being. This is demonstrated by the description of the impoverished town and its inhabitants.

The prince was wealth itself. It was too big to share with the people. That’s why he needed the little swallows to get past a like needle hole. As it is more difficult for the wealthy to enter the kingdom of heaven than to go through the eye of a needle (Matthew 19:24), they begin their preparation for the narrow gate. (Luke 13:23,24) But the prince said to the swallows that misery was not a mystery. They will be carried by angels.

A most beautiful soul.

When the pure presence of the soul appears in the world of writing, a light comes into view.

It was as if, with the association of dawn in the mind, the beautiful sunrise revealed the presence of God. That the self-serving dialogue of the poor streets would fade into the distance;Our immersion rises into the kingdom of heaven.

When I was a little girl, I never wanted to be a stopped swallow;I wanted to be the swallow that ignored the prince and flew to warmer ground. But I realized what it meant to be a swallow that had nowhere else to fly but Sacred love.I thought of the Japanese words of prayer before Communion: Leaving you behind, who will I go to?

Bergson

Oscar Wilde – The Happy Prince

Bible Christianity 

備考(Note)

Leaving you behind, who will I go to? Japanese Mass

my soul shall be healed English Mass

参考資料 Reference

『Brief Lives: Oscar Wilde』by Richard Canning Hesperus Press Ltd.

Essai sur les données immédiates de la conscience Henri-Louis Bergson

The Joker and Biblical interpretation(English.ver)

If anyone causes one of these little ones—those who believe in me—to stumble, it would be better for them to have a large millstone hung around their neck and to be drowned in the depths of the sea. Woe to the world because of the things that cause people to stumble. Such things must come, but woe to the person through whom they come.
Matthew 18:6~7

Sin can be ” Pardoned ” by love, but evil continues to be amplified. When one evil intention disappears, a new one is born. That is human nature, and those who deny it are the equivalent of a false wall. Goodness requires education and environment, but malice is born naturally. I am a denier of the theory of good nature. This is the basis for the theory of the state, and also for Jesus, who refers to evil as a “Skandalon” that cannot be removed by human power.  There is no such thing as goodness, and I believe this to be true.

There is atonement for sins, but evil does not disappear. Yet the concept of what evil really is continues to be debated today. According to the Old Testament view, a person can be either good or evil, and therefore has to make a choice. God does not intervene in the choice, but sends dream signs, apostles and prophets to make man aware. It is the history of Christianity, since the New Testament, that has made Adam and Eve the original sin. For many years the question of why we let evil people go unchecked was repeated by “apologetics” so that God would be good, and psychology tried to treat academically the evil, the darkness of human nature, which apologetics could not compensate for. As a result, it may be G. Freud who succeeded in separating the therapy from God. Jung did not separate the cure from the person who had been brought up in the image of their own religion or oral tradition. To Freud’s “unconscious” Jung delved into the “collective unconscious”. Freud did not deny this theory, but considered it dangerous. Both theories remain inconclusive to this day.

Evil continues to be amplified, but there are some things that are severely punished by time. One such thing is “theatre”.

St .Augustine likened theatre to Plato’s theory, distancing it from the teachings of Jesus and making it an “evil” to dull the pain. In modern times, restrictions have been loosened, but there are still objections to adultery, age restrictions and the illusion of a fictional world. The “self-proclaimed good guys” are afraid of influencing crime and pleasure, and are threatened by all but the most peaceful works.

  It seemed to me that the Joker in the film “The Joker” (2019) stood out in a world of mediocrity. Once I saw it, as a script, I thought it was just an imitation of real-life serial killers Henry Lee Lucas and Edmund Kemper, but as Shakespeare created Hamlet and King Macbeth, there has never been a more established “evil” in the fictional world these days.

It’s hard to say whether he was the best “pure evil”, but his greatest appeal was that he created so many copycats. What Jesus defined as the most severe sin was the sin of leading the masses: “to be drowned in the sea with a great millstone round your neck”. The Joker was originally Arthur Flex, an ordinary man who lived with his mother. This man had a dream. He dreamed of becoming a comedian. He was poor, and people and the world were hard on a man who had a dream of becoming a comedian.

He fantasises about getting ahead, but in reality he works as a street performer. He is violently attacked by a juvenile delinquent, and his boss treats him “badly”. Further undermining the impotent man was a disease that made him laugh. It is essential to pay for this treatment. Presumably because this is a form of PTSD, there is no obvious drug treatment. Psychiatric drugs are more expensive when there is no clear cure. Doctors’ guesswork, inadequate counselling and inappropriate medication means that more of his meagre wages are spent on drugs. He was always at the mercy of the malice that existed behind the goodness of the world. The only thing that kept him alive, no matter how crushing the malice, was his mother’s words, “to smile and put on a happy face”. He loved his mother. He loved his mother because she believed in her words that your smile makes people happy.

He is forced by a colleague to give him a gun for protection, but he drops it while dressed as a clown in a children’s ward. The colleague who gave him the gun also lied to him, so he is forced to dismiss him, and then, as fate or bad luck would have it, he develops a condition in which he “to smile and put on a happy face” at a woman who is in trouble with a man, even though he has no strength to do so under the circumstances. Like the protagonist of Albert Camus “L’Étranger” Arthur has pulled the trigger.

It’s 1981 in Gotham City, a city in the middle of an unsafe neighborhood, where shootings are not unheard of. But because the murderer was an elite member of the stockbroking world, the poor begin to admire the clown killer. Arthur’s stage success as a comedian and his memories of the woman he had a crush on were his fantasies. The fact that his loving mother had taken advantage of his “smile at all times” disease, a kind of “faith” that she believed your smile could make people happy, was broken.

It became impossible to keep track of who had wronged him, who had hurt him. He succeeds in killing his mother, the one who gave birth to him, in what is known as the serial killer’s ritual. It is a rite of passage for a serial killer.

Wanting the success of his stage in the fictional world, he succeeds in attracting an audience in reality.  His performance, with its chants of love and happiness, influenced the audience to descend into reality with happiness, but his performance ironically succeeded in a sense as a realization of reality. As a popular desire, he became a “villain”. The streets are filled with his imitators, but they do not love him. It’s just a shallow perception, the public’s desire for self-realisation, the sense of unity and happiness that comes from supporting him.

It was interesting that the film ended with the idea that there is more than one Joker.

Even in the setting, the Joker was set up as a cruel serial killer, but in a time when the public wanted a “bad man”, there was no clear setting for a humor character or even helping the bad man (to finish him off himself). This 2019 version of the “Joker” is a possibility for further transformation if we are to consider a sequel, but evil also coexists with this lack of concreteness. Jesus punishes those who lead the masses the most, because the “false prophet” is a loss of love. This is in line with Moses’ prohibition against idolatry. (The word “Skandalon” is also the origin of the word “scandal”, which Jesus said could not be removed by human power.)

Although it is the “dictator” who defines evil in our time, it is the evil that seems to have disappeared that is most threatening today. While we don’t know the Joker’s true identity, his copycats set him on fire.It is also interesting to see the masks worn by the copycats. There is a sense of cowardice, as if they could escape at any moment. Wearing a mask, the mother does not know where she will go after her mother has disappeared. That is the evil of the collective, the violence that we as human beings are familiar with. If this feels like déjà vu, we already know the evil of the ordinary. 

This dipping of the roots of evil beneath the surface seems to be the evil of the 21st century.

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The tragedy of the clown reminds me of Verdi’s “Rigoletto” (based on Victor Hugo’s novel). Like the Joker, he was a laughing stock for princes and nobles .Like the Joker, he works as a laughing stock for princes and noblemen, but when he  discovers that the only girl he has ever loved has been played by a nobleman, he seeks revenge, but without success, and is forced to hold her corpse. Tragedy and comedy go hand in hand, and the stage is no fun without darkness. But a clown is always doomed to disappointment in the dark.

The clown is a confirmation of the structure that prevents happiness.

In Plato’s “Apology of Socrates” he said that “he who really wants to fight for what is right should work as a private person and not as a public person, even if he wants to live his life for a short time”, but I don’t think there is anything that returns to this origin. If we study history seriously, we often despair of humanity. It is when the economy is good that we can rejoice in progress, and when it is bad that we fall back on structuralism. However, although human beings are foolish, they can bear coincidence and inevitability, and can produce love. Can human beings love if they do not know malice? From birth, it is human beings who influence us, for better or worse. If we lose our love for these inseparable beings, we will become “the living dead”. Evil intentions exist in me too. But I respect love in the face of evil.

I believe that love is the power of the soul.

I have chosen Corinthians 13 as my favorite Bible quote because I believe that human malice cannot be wiped out, but love defines the direction of the soul.

I don’t know who influences my good intentions or my bad intentions, my potential or my manipulation, I manipulate who I am and I don’t know who I am. For example, on noblesse oblige. Is the responsibility of those with social status really ‘private punishment’? The highest punishment for being unrewarded is ‘private punishment’. Or can it be done peacefully? Maybe one day the world will wake up to this cruelty.

 Nevertheless, I want to keep only the concept of soul.

The body may get sick and the mind may get hurt, but the soul will not be hurt.

I believe in that.

This song and the Joker’s song seem to be unrelated, but they fit very well and I saw them many times. It seemed to me that human beings suffer from a malice that is tainted by the love (agape) they are raised with and the evil that comes towards them. This is only a Christian’s opinion. What I got from this song was “not to laugh”. I don’t force myself to laugh.

What is Gotham City?
Why are we drawn to it?
The protagonist, the Joker, and Gotham City are both fictional worlds.
But we call it “reality”.

As an aside, I have sympathy for Arthur himself, but criminals are evil, and perhaps they will be judged by God, or perhaps they will receive God’s love, it’s not entirely clear. As Camus says in “L’Étranger”, it is not impossible that he has chosen to be a villain. The rejection of God’s grace is also a free human choice. There are some psychological studies that try to change this absolutely as a treatment of circumstances or mental illness, but I am not so sure. When I was a student, I thought about rehabilitating criminals, but now I still want them to be destroyed when they become victims. But I honestly wish there had been help for Arthur. Most victims bear the negative side of the perpetrators, the oppression, but for those who have been deprived of their right to live, it is nothing but cruelty. In my view it was a good film. After all, there are few people who can reach out to Arthur.

It may be similar to the Zodiac case.
The name of the leading suspect was Arthur.

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