Simone Weil-For laborer English

Simone Weil in Marseilles, early 1940s
・People who are considered 'invisible' need beauty and poetry.

・Laborers need beauty and poetry more than bread.

・Poets create beauty by giving attention to the real. Love acts the same way.

・It is only by chance that the most precious things in the world start to be called progress, or 'the genius that makes a statement through the ages'. It is unbearable to imagine that even the most precious things in this world are left to chance.

・Unbearably absent God. In this sense the world is God itself.

Simone Weil.



First

Simone Weil went to Germany in 1932-1933, a year before she entered the factory, to understand the foundations of fascism. She reported that the Nazis were not only taking advantage of the petty bourgeoisie, but also many unemployed and other vulnerable groups.

Weil wrote a letter to Father Perrin during her stay of a little more than two months. The contents of the letter were: She wrote to Father Perrin without hiding her own over-influence on collectivity, “If everyone sings Nazis songs, then I’ll sing them too, which is my weakness, but this is the way I exist.” and it did not hide the fact that it could be influenced by the negative impacts of negative influence. She was saving German exiles and raising her own questions about labor, unemployment and collectivity. At the end of 1934, Simone Weil left her teaching job to work in a factory as a pressman and decided to face the ‘monde réel’(Real)Before she joined the factory, she was obsessed with writing to ‘masterpieces’ and ‘posthumous works’. However, the idea was feel some delicacy about the real world. ‘I began to think that the interchangeable parts were laborer. Parts have more civil rights than people’, she said as she walked through the gate, showing her ID card with the number on her chest,

Simone Weil wrote a core called ‘Beauty and Poetry for laborer’.

I have long remained unsure of this vital nucleus. She quoted a poem by Homerosu at the beginning of her ‘Factory Diary’ (Reflections on Labor and Life). She had many reflections on classical literature, but at the same time she knew that poetry was meaningless to the laborer. She had experienced first-hand the mental and physical exhaustion of hard laborer and was thus troubled by the pointlessness of trying to be philosophical through the Bible. This is reflected in her own record of almost jumping into the Seine in disgust with factory life.

Her writings are characterized by a large number of disconnected chapters, as they were not formally prepared for publication in book form. It seems to be an inclusion structure, a structure in which statements implying contradictions make sense inclusively and mutually, as in the words of Qohelet(Ecclesiastes) in the Old Testament. For example, she knew that art meant nothing in labor. At the same time, she talks about clocks and artists. She held that a made clock can work without love, but created art cannot work without love. Why did she define such a thing as ‘what the laborer needs more than bread is beauty and poetry’?  Even if we were to write out an outgrowth of this as a logic as a definition, it would be difficult to delve into the labor of the time and write it out. One commentary on ‘labor’ explained it in Hayao Miyazaki’s ‘Spirited Away’, but if that is to be used as an analogy, it fails to convey the suffering and weight of labor. Indeed, even if the protagonist who lost his name in that worldview, the dragon god having lost his memory, and the otherworldly beings who follow him obediently represent the structure of labor, nevertheless, labor is completely meaningless in allegory and structural understanding. You cannot catch up with Weil’s philosophy unless you are actually exhausted by labor and conscious of death by labor. The cartoon analogy is a poor outgrowth for the students who are the target of this lecture because they cannot understand the suffering of labor, so they have little outgrowth to formulate logic. As a result, students try to end up with a ‘mind set‘ about labor. Most believe that happiness as a laborer is poetry and beauty, depending on how you ‘mind set’. As a result, It is just an empty theory on the table and something else entirely. To know Weil is to know that hard labor means that poetry, beauty or even faith becomes utterly meaningless. One must strike this reality into one’s heart and suffer that one is wasting one’s time. In modern times, these still seem to make sense through ‘peace of mind’. That would be the explanation of this animation. The students are satisfied with the idea that labor makes sense if they change the way they look at the outside world and the other world and use philosophical terms to describe them. If you can live well enough to go to university in modern Japan, it is unlikely that you will experience the labor Weil describes. As barriers to understanding Simone Weil, one is the suffering of labor, the second is suffering with limitations, and the third is suffering through faith, is important. Without knowing these three things, one may perceive something in Weil’s poetic sentiment and follow it later with logic. I was one of them, and that may be what she calls an overlap of coincidences. That is why, by the time I was over the age of Weil’s death, I left for a time because it even seemed to me that these philosophies were only heading towards death, just as she was heading towards guest death.

Second

Even if one decides that “it is beautiful”, poetry and beauty ask for emotion and heart, and it is difficult to express them and to appeal to them with logic. The same applies to pain and unhappiness. Unhappiness is a great mystery in life. One cannot accept the idea of this misfortune, of abandoning the imagination that you are at the center of the world, of acknowledging that the real center is outside the world, that we are a ‘point’. Descartes’ ‘I think, therefore I am’ should not be left behind in everyday life. Sartre refuted it, but it is still incomplete. So much so that the I and consciousness must not be separated. Clerics such as Father Perrin, with whom she interacted, make sense of such misfortunes. Because that is their job, They seldom look back on whether or not Jesus really felt unhappy. Jesus was the Son of God, but as a man he studied the Old Testament. Before his execution, the Son of God cried out “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”, Psalm 22. If Jesus was God, he would not have originally suffered. Jesus suffered as a human being. Suffering and misery are enigmatic for people, just as Jesus’ suffering is a beautiful story. Even today, people’s unhappiness is swelling day by day, although the world is full of measures and words that could solve their misery.

Many people still think today that Weil is not a philosopher, but for those who understand theology and faith, it was philosophical. Why is that, because she phenomenologically Epoché what people of faith cannot always erase or stop, ‘pray thinking there is no God‘ She did not flirt with religious people in the Caillet.

Religious people admonish Jesus to bear the suffering of labor, but Weil did not. Keeping philosophical questions and answers to religious understandings impoverishes the human mind to the extreme. From a religious perspective, there is even a saying, “Be a fisherman rather than a philosopher”. Wisdom is a condition for becoming poor. 【Proverbs28:11】If the saint’s condition is to perform miracles, the philosopher expects miracles but excludes them himself. That is the purification of knowledge. That purification may be the only way to realize one’s true nature. However, we do not know if that essence is something that can cross over into the world. In fact, she died because she refused treatment. Although contemporary ethics cannot touch on it, Weil’s focus on the ‘labor’ can be said to be neighborly love. She was in the same position as the poor, as was Jesus. She did not ridicule the poor laborer.

In 1937, Simone Weil, who had also become a poet enough to have Paul Valéry write a review of her books, also wrote about art. She loved Jesus so much that she was never unaware that he had descended into Hades. She descended as in ‘Gravity and Grace’.

Simone Weil used the example of Andromaque to show that tragedy is what people will not listen to unless it is represented by a creation, but she did leave a written record of her labor. If she had not died at the young age of 34, I don’t know if this fact would have been created, but that ‘Coincidence’ record of her labor is something that has to be experienced to be understood, just as there are deaths from overwork and suicides even today. Few students or professors are aware of the cruelty of her record. I was one of them. We can only be vaguely aware of the toil. I immediately play it on the basis of my own faith and experience. Not so much that it is a ‘sin’, but while I am unaware of labor, even that seems like beautiful poetry. For the sick, there were nightingales, but for the laborer, every artist makes a beautiful story. That is just raising people who can read books, but only such people try to be the voice of people’s labor.

Yet, she was still waiting for a miracle for the weak. As a seeker, she would read the Bible into her mind.She wrote like a philosophical thinker, organizing the mysteries in philosophical reflections and thinkers. about it I often asked myself what she kept doing it for.  She also became ill and poor again in her later years. Despairing too, she understood her gifts. She was estranged from her destiny and was constantly fighting against it. Maybe she waited for a miracle to figure out what she could write. For example, as manifested in her interpretation of Prometheus and Grimm’s fairy tales, she did not touch the deus ex machina – the mechanical god. That is not the same as Aristotle, who was in denial. She was choosing a god or destiny to reach out to suffering. She was informing despair so that miracles would happen to the laborer and so that the artist would invoke the god of mechanical contraptions. Despair is the stripping away of all hope. Despair is not something that comes. Sometimes others feel differently from you. Hopelessness is the stripping away of expectations in order to fall into despair yourself. St Cassilda was carrying food for the Christians, who were heretics at the time, when she was stopped by her vassals and the king and told to show them the food she had hidden. If the food was found, the death penalty awaited her, but God turned the food into roses. Simone Weil’s miracle for the laborer in waiting, in my opinion, is this. She epokayed(epokhế) God as a philosophy, but she assumed the world was God.

Like Casilda’s stripped cloak, after all hopes and expectations were stripped away, the prayer was indeed pure.

Last

Jesus was the closest to the Father, and misfortune came to him. Those who understand know that to be close to the Mystery is most unfortunate. Whether it is just inorganic unhappiness or unhappiness due to the Mystery. When I was a seeker, I believed that the unhappiness at the time was due to the mystery. Not by hope. My faith began with misfortune. I had a desire to believe and a doubt whether souls are really equal. Unspeakable and difficult-to-surface thoughts were stirring me. The objections of the world were constant: the feeble believe in mysteries.

Light enters the eye with a single blink of an eye. Nevertheless, there are days when it does not illuminate the heart. Those who write with words begin by struggling with words they cannot communicate to express the light that transcends wisdom. Just as a musician cannot separate himself from sound, what he expresses in words cannot separate himself from words. Just as music is said to be incomprehensible, words cannot be understood, they need to be understood in the heart. How to call upon the heart is always a struggle as well. From such despair we must write down real miracles, so that light may shine on the mysteries of misery.

I think she has managed to turn it into a teaching guide so that we can get there.

Will she be a philosopher, a thinker or a seeker? She is treated as rootless by an undefined reputation. So, We have forgotten. That she was a teacher.

She was the ‘teacher’.

I could find her as a real person, a ‘teacher’. As an‟poètes”

____________________

The overview will be updated in due course.→ 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simone_Weil

Liberation Theology and Existence.(English)

(movie: Japanese)
La vulnérabilité des choses précieuses est belle parce que la vulnérabilité est une marque d’existence.

Something of value is vulnerable and helpless, and it's beautiful. Because their weakness is a sign of their existence.

Simone Weil
La Pesanteur et Grâce(Coincidences)


“The right way to write is to write like you’re translating…The right way to write is to write as though you were translating, without adding anything”, wrote Simone Weil in a letter to Gustave Dupont.

Just as there is always an idea in the world of writing, there is also an invisible beauty in the imagery that spreads out of writing. You must see what is unnecessary, even if it is painful,The evidence for existence is inside, the scraped remains.

However, it must seize one of God’s graces: the healing of time. This is a solitary task, but mixture of emotions there is a given. I did not think much of the fact that a certain monk asked for salvation from the Catholics before it was ordained. In her difficult circumstances, she first sought help from the church. So, in contrast to Catholic doctrine, it was rejected. After her ordination, the woman remained popular for her humorous vision of human Kleshas.  An older man who respected her and was also a writer encouraged me to visit her. He said that she had written responses to a great deal of public criticism and that she would be tolerant and would accept. When I was there, I was told they would look at my manuscript, but since I was Catholic, they would not.

After the result, I kept asking myself wonder to oneself in the cold February air.

My soul crashed then, but day after day I became increasingly able to understand the situation in which I found myself in this difficult situation.

I wondered who had alienated her when the one she had asked for was not a man but a god.

Those who have not saved her in her time of need demand that the soul be reconciled.

In fact, as I did, a man in distress is in a very difficult situation, and the words that come out of his body are sometimes incoherent and You can’t judge what emerges from the body.

Can we open the door for one soul without being deceived by words and appearances?

It is not easy. People despair of being forsaken in a difficult situation because they think their soul has been forsaken. Last year the Catholic Church and the bishops helped me through a very difficult situation. If I look back, there was no benefit to them in accepting me then, but they did. When I think about what that means, I understand. I imagine myself in another parallel line, where I didn’t get the relief of being saved. Some will benefit from it and some will not.

A narrow gate, a door that rarely opens, a “crossing “.

It’s always in the fate. We would like to eliminate it as much as possible, but coincidences are created.

Always a series of “coincidences” becomes destiny.

We need the “theology of liberation” that originated in South American Catholicism.

Neither the clergy nor the laity should be the door which closes between a man in trouble and Jesus. In moments of distress, the soul makes its own record and Great reconciliation takes time for the soul.

This time is given by the Lord. The vaguely given time is inorganic, but the given time of God is sure. Knowing weakness and suffering the reconciliation of the soul, this is the time of God.

解放の神学と魂の存在

La vulnérabilité des choses précieuses est belle parce que la vulnérabilité est une marque d’existence.

貴重なものが傷つきやすく無防備なのは美しい。なぜなら、その弱さは存在の証なのだから。
シモーヌ・ヴェイユ

「重力と恩寵」偶然の章

「文章の正しい書き方は、翻訳するように書くことです……そこには何も付け加えないということです」とヴェイユがギュスターヴ・デュポンへの手紙でそう書き記した。

それは、常にイデアがあるように、文章から広がるイマージュも、見えない美の正解がある。私も無駄なものは削ぎ落とすようにしている。どんなに哀しいことがあっても、全部を書くわけにいかなかった。辛くても、何が無駄か見つめることだ。存在の証は削ぎ落とされた跡にある。しかし、それは神の恩寵の一つである「時間」という癒しを手に入れなければならないのである。孤独な作業だが、そこで生まれた喜怒哀楽は与えられたものである。

  

 ある僧侶が、出家前にカトリックに救いを求めたというのを、あまり深く考えていなかった。

窮地に陥った彼女が最初に見開いて救いを求めたのは教会にあった。それでも、カトリックの教理に反していた彼女は断られた。その人は出家後も人の煩悩に対してユーモラスな視点で人気を得ていた。 2018年の事故後、彼女を尊敬する年配から作家でもある彼女の元へ行くように勧められた。その人が言うには、今まで散々の一般人の批判に返事を書いてきて、寛容できっと君も受け入れてくれると言われた。確かに、一旦は受け入れてもらったが、私がカトリックだったので丁重に断られた。

その後、2月の寒空の下で自問自答を繰り返していた。(2019)

あの時は墜落していっただけだが、日に日に、この窮地に陥ったときに心から求めたものに対して理解は次第に出来るようになった。救いを求めるときに、それが人ではなく神だったときに、閉したのは誰だったのだろうと。窮地に陥ったときに救済しなかったものは魂の和解を要するし、次第に求めなくなる。実際に私もそうだったが、窮地に陥った人間は、切羽詰まっていて、身から出てくる言葉は支離滅裂な時もある。だからこそ、身から出るもので判断出来ない。

それでも容姿や言葉の裏に潜む魂のために私達は扉をあけられるだろうか? 

それは容易ではない。人は窮地で見捨てられたことに絶望するのは、魂が見捨てられたと思うからだ。昨年、私は窮地に陥ったときにカトリック教会と司教が助けてくれた。思い返せば、その時に私を受け入れる利点は無かったはずなのに、受け入れてくれた。

その意味を考えれば、理解出来る。狭き門、滅多に開かない扉、「すれ違い」

それは常に運命の中にある。もしも救われた場合、救われなかった平行線の世界を想像する。

それは偶然なのだ。だから受けられた者と受けられなかった者が存在してしまう。

「偶然」の連続が運命となる。人はそれを出来るだけ解消したいと思うが、偶然は生まれる。

南米カトリック発祥の「解放の神学」は必要であるとは思う。聖職者も信徒も、窮地に陥った人間とイエスの間を閉じる門であってはならない。窮地に陥ったときこそ、魂が残そうとする。傷ついた大いなる和解は時間を要する。

その時間とは神が与えるのだと思った。漠然と与えられた時間は無機質だが、神から与えられた時間は確かだった。弱さを知り、魂の和解に苦しむことは神が与えた時間である。

L’éternel substitut(jp and english ver)

Le temps est une image de l’éternité, mais c’est aussi un ersatz de l’éternité.

時間は永遠を映すものである。けれども、また永遠の代用品でもある。

Time is a reflection of eternity. But it is also a substitute for eternity.

Simone Weil (Renoncement au temps)

l’éternité

解説: 永遠というのは時間を伴うが、時間が有限であるのに対して永遠は無限を表す。しかし、私達は永遠を知覚することは出来ない。時の区切りは、永遠の一部、だから永遠の代用品。la éternitéの略。

Explanation: Eternity involves time, while time is finite, eternity represents immutability. However, we cannot perceive eternity. Time is part of eternity and therefore a substitute for eternity.

カイエについて(1)

シモーヌ・ヴェイユ カイエⅡ
「キリストに対して忠実であるのは困難なことであった。それは真空状態に対して忠実であることだった。ナポレオンに対してなら、死に至るまで忠実であることも、ずっと容易なのだ。まだ、のちの殉教者たちにとっても、忠実であることは容易であった。なぜなら、すでに教会という一つの力、地上での成就の約束をともなう一つの力が存在していたからである。人は強いもののためになら死ねるが、弱いもののためには死なない。今は一時期的に弱くても、力の後光をいただいているもののために死ぬにすぎない。
「まことにあなたは隠られておられる神である」そして同時に、「かれらは、神を明らかに示している世界によって、神を知ることが出来た。」世界は神を明らかに示し、また神を隠す。
 第二作のイコノグラフは教会の良いところ、キリスト教の良いところを手探りで探って書き上げたが、第三作目によってカトリックから距離を置いている。イエスはイデアのようにアイディアの宝庫であるが、キリスト教という組織自体は、どうも哲学や文学にとっては同じ軌道を回っている存在だが、相性が悪いようだ。ヴェイユも同じ気持ちだっただろうなと少し思う。
真空とは空気もなにもない状態のこと、彼女は造語かのようにこの真空についてよく語っている。彼女の言っている真空とは何か、それは彼女の語りに耳を澄ますしか方法がない。
今回の場合、何もない空間に忠実であるべきだったと記されている。見返りも求めず、愛も求めず、何もない場所への忠実=キリストに対しての忠実としている。
それが人は出来ない。少なくともナポレオンのように多少の即物的な対価を
下さる現時点で生きている人を選ぶのが世の常である。
*****
第三作発売しました。5日間で320部達成しましたが、友人の話から
アップル製品等、macから購入する人、ipad、iphone
から購入する人が苦戦しているようです。

酒井司教、女子パウロ会、松本准平監督、瀬戸内寂聴からも楽しんで読んでもらえた
イコノグラフはこちらで買えます。

アマゾン→https://www.amazon.co.jp/Icon-graph-Chris-Kyogetu/dp/153493037X/ref=sr_1_2?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1512118298&sr=1-2

紀伊国屋→https://www.kinokuniya.co.jp/f/dsg-02-9781976279713

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